It is possible to go bankrupt in the UK if you have already moved abroad. However it depends where you are living.
- What if you have moved within the EU?
- Going Bankrupt if you have moved outside the EU
- How to go Bankrupt if you are already Abroad
- What affect will Bankruptcy have on you locally?
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The information below refers to people who previously lived in England & Wales. If you were living in Scotland before moving abroad you are not allowed to go Bankrupt unless you return there.
Can you still go Bankrupt in the UK if you have moved within the EU
Prior to April 2016 if you moved from England & Wales to another European Union (EU) county you could still declare yourself bankrupt in the UK for 3 months.
However changes were introduced in April 2016 as a result of the Enterprise and Regulatory Reform Act. Now as soon as you move to another EU country you lose the right to go Bankrupt here.
Where you live in another EU country and find that you are struggling with your debts in the UK you will have to use the insolvency rules and procedures in your local country.
If you live within the EU you can become eligible to go Bankrupt in the UK once again if you move back and live here for the greater part of 6 months.
Bankruptcy if you have moved outside the EU
If you have moved to a county outside the EU you can still go bankrupt in England & Wales for up to three years from the date you moved.
However after you have been living outside the EU for more than three years this option is taken away. You must now rely on the insolvency rules in the local country where you live.
If after 3 years you want to take advantage of the benefits of bankruptcy in the UK the only way is to move back. After 6 months you will become eligible to declare yourself bankrupt again.
How to go Bankrupt if you are already Abroad
If you are living abroad and are eligible to go Bankrupt in England & Wales the process is relatively simple. Since April 2016 you no longer have to return to the UK.
You can submit your application online. Using the Government’s system you complete and submit the application form and pay your application fee via the web.
Once you are bankrupt you are required to have an interview with the Official Receiver (OR). However it will be conducted over the telephone. You will not have to travel back to the UK to do this.
Even through you are living abroad you must remain in contact with the Official Receiver while you are bankrupt. If your financial circumstances change you are still legally bound to inform them.
How will Bankruptcy affect you in your local country?
You will need to tell the Official Receiver about your local income and living expenses. If you have surplus income you will still have to make monthly payments towards your debts in the UK.
Likewise if you own assets abroad such as a car or property you will have to list these in your application. If your car is worth more that £1000 you may have to sell it and get a cheaper one. If you own any property the OR will be interested in this.
Your Credit Rating in the UK will be negatively affected. However it is unlikely that this will affect you in your local country. You should still be able to use facilities such as your local bank account.
You will have to list your local bank account on your application form. It is likely that the OR will write to them regarding your bankruptcy. This may or may not mean you need to open a new account.
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